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ConditionsChiropractic on Eagle in Newmarket has been serving families for 15 years – we have been fortunate to have helped our community get better, naturally (see what some of them say about us by clicking here). Millions of Canadians choose chiropractic care each year. The numbers continually grow as chiropractic leads all other health care providers in the wellness industry. More and more families are choosing chiropractic as their wellness strategy to ensure maximum health and well-being today and for their future. Research is continually growing to support what chiropractors have known for over 100 years. Choose health. Choose chiropractic!

Chiropractic is not a treatment of any specific condition, but rather a method of removing interference to your nervous system so your body can heal and function more optimally. Some conditions that are listed below are examples of chiropractic’s success in helping the body recover.

Research supports our approach to care, we get great results, so it may be time to give chiropractic another look.

Anxiety/High Blood Pressure

Panic attacks and the chiropractic adjustment: a case report.
Potthoff S. Penwell B, Wolf J. ACA J of Chiropractic, 1993 (December) 30:26-28.

This is the case of a 52-year-old female diagnosed with long standing tranquilizers over the years, underwent counseling and relaxation training – all to no benefit.

Chiropractic examination revealed areas of upper and mid cervical, upper and mid thoracic and right sacroiliac fixations. The patient’s blood pressure was 182/102 mm Hg, pulse rate 120 beats/minute during an attack. However it would drop to 140/80 and her pulse to 76 beats/minute four minutes after the adjustment. After beginning chiropractic care she had been free of panic attacks for more than two months which is the best she had been in years.


Disc regeneration: reversibility is possible in spinal osteoarthritis.
Ressel, OJ. ICA Review March/April 1989 pp. 39 -61.

From the abstract:

Historically, osteoarthritis has been regarded as a common, slowly progressive disorder seen most often in the elderly that affects the weight bearing joints, the peripheral and axial articulations and the spine…clinically, osteoarthritis has been universally accepted as an integral consequence of aging. The condition is considered to be the product of various pathobiomechanical alterations in joint function, a “wear and tear” sequelae.

It is only in the past few years that increased knowledge about the histopathology, biomechanics, biochemistry, and metabolic properties of normal and osteoarthritic tissue structures has given clinicians any hope of being able to deal with osteoarthritis.

When patient care is related to the pathology, pathophysiology, and the kinesiopathology of this condition, arrest and even reversal is possible.


Chronic pediatric asthma and chiropractic spinal manipulation, a prospective clinical series and randomized clinical pilot study.
Bronfort, G, Evans RI, Kubic P, Filin P. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 2001;24(6):369-77.

Thirty-six children aged 6 to 17 with chronic, mild or moderate asthma were observed over a three-month period. They received either a true or “sham” adjustment.

Those who received adjustments rated their quality of life substantially higher and their asthma severity substantially lower. These improvements were maintained at the 1-year follow-up assessment. There were no important changes in lung function or hyper-responsiveness at any time.

Arm Pain/Cervical Disc Herniation

Chiropractic treatment of cervical radiculopathy caused by a herniated cervical disc.
Brouillette DL, Gurske, DT. Journal of Manipulative and Physiologic Therapeutics, Feb 1994; 17(2): 119-123.

This is the case study of a 60-year-old woman with MRI documented herniated cervical disc. Symptoms included deep, constant, burning ache in the left arm, and severe neck and left shoulder pain. Under chiropractic care the patient’s pain and numbness disappeared and her grip-strength returned to normal within 5 months.

Athletic Performance

Chiropractic effects on athletic ability.
Lauro A. Mouch B. Chiropractic: The Journal of Chiropractic Research and Clinical Investigation. 1991; 6:84-87.

Fifty athletes involved in various activities including football, volleyball, track, cross-country running, weightlifting, body building, rugby and aerobic dancing were tested. They were divided into two groups.

One group received chiropractic adjustments, the other served as controls. Eleven tests were used to measure aspects of athletic ability including: agility, balance, kinesthetic perception, power, and reaction time. After 6 weeks, the control group and chiropractic group were examined.

The control group exhibited minor improvement in eight of the 11 tests (only two were statistically significant) while the chiropractic group improved significantly in all 11 tests (eight were statistically significant).

In a hand reaction test measuring the speed of reaction with the hand in response to a visual stimulus (reaction time), the control group exhibited less than a 1% response while the chiropractic group exhibited more than an 18% response after 6 weeks. After 12 weeks the chiropractic group exhibited more than 30% improvement in reaction time.

Back Pain

Chronic spinal pain – a randomized clinical trial comparing medication, acupuncture and spinal manipulation.
Giles LGF, Muller R. Spine 2003;28:1490-1503.

Three groups of patients with back pain were given a nine week course of care using medicine, acupuncture or chiropractic care. The results showed a significantly higher number of satisfied chiropractic patients.

Conservative treatment of acute and chronic nonspecific low-back pain. Van Tulder MW, Koes BW, Bouter LM Spine 1997;22:2128-2156.

This study reported that there is “strong evidence of the effectiveness of manipulation for patients with chronic low-back pain.”

Bed Wetting

Chiropractic management of primary nocturnal enuresis.
Reed WR, Beavers S, Reddy SK, Kern G.J Manipulative Physiol Ther Vol. 17, No. 9 Nov/Dec 1994.

This was a controlled clinical trial of 46 enuretic (bedwetting) children that were placed under chiropractic care. The children were under care for a 10 week period preceded by and followed by a 2 week no treatment period. The 46 children were divided into two groups: 31 received chiropractic care and 15 were in the control group. At the end of the study, 25% of the treatment-group children had 50% or more reduction in the wet night frequency from baseline to post-treatment while none among the control group had such reduction.

Breech Baby

Analysis and adjustment for breech presentations.
Bagnell L and Gardner-Bagnell K Today’s Chiropractic March/April 1999. Pp. 54-57

This paper includes five case studies that demonstrate the effects of chiropractic on breech presentations of the fetus. Most, but not all, of the cases were adjusted using the Webster Breech Technique.

Case #1: A 29-year old female presented at 34 weeks with midwife confirmed breech presentation. C2 and T5 were adjusted at first adjustment, “left Logan” at second visit. One week after first adjustment midwife confirmed a vertex presentation. Baby was born naturally without drugs or medical intervention of any kind.

Case #2: 30-year-old at 32 weeks gestation with a midwife confirmed breech presentation. Within two days midwife confirmed vertex position of fetus. Baby was born naturally.

Case #3: 36-year-old presented 37 weeks gestation with breech presentation. MD confirmed a transverse presentation of fetus. One day after the adjustment the baby turned. Baby was born naturally three weeks later.

Carpal Tunnel / Arm / Hand Pain

Comparative efficacy of conservative medical and chiropractic treatments for carpal tunnel syndrome: a randomized clinical trial.
Davis PT, Hulbert JR, Kassak KM, et al. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, June 1998, vol.21/no.5, pp317-26.

This study showed that chiropractic was as effective as medical treatment in reducing symptoms of CTS (carpal tunnel syndrome).

Cervical (Neck) Pain

Chronic spinal pain syndromes: a clinical pilot trial comparing acupuncture, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), and spinal manipulation. Giles LG, Muller R. J Manipulative Physiol Ther July/August 1999:22(6), pp.376-81.

Seventy seven patients were divided into three groups. One group received needle acupuncture, one group an NSAID and one group chiropractic care.

They were followed up after 30 days. Spinal care was the only intervention to achieve a statistically significant improvement. Patients receiving chiropractic care demonstrated a 30.7% reduction in Oswestry scores and a 25% reduction in neck disability index scores, a 50% reduction for low back pain, 46% reduction for upper back pain and 33% reduction for neck pain. Acupuncture and NSAIDS provided no significant improvement.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome / Fibromyalgia

Upper cervical management of primary fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome cases.
Amalu WC. Today’s Chiropractic May/June 2000 Pp.76-86.

This paper discusses 23 successive cases (5 male, 18 female from 11 to 76 years of age) of primary fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome suffering from 2 to 35 years.

Total chiropractic visits ranged from 20 to 48. All patients reported maintaining their improvements at 1 to 1 ½ years or more of follow up. After care every patient was able to resume normal activities including full time work.

The author writes:

“Improvement in symptoms of 92-100% was achieved in both these syndromes…A causal relationship between biomechanical faults in the upper cervical spine, abnormal central neurophysiologic processing and subsequent peripheral neuropathophysiology, is suggested as the possible genesis of these two syndromes.”


The short-term effect of spinal manipulation in the treatment of infantile colic: a randomized controlled clinical trial with a blinded observer. Wiberg JMM, Nordsteen J, Nilsson N. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. October 1999; Vol. 22, No. 8, pp. 517-522.

This is a randomized controlled trial that took place in a private chiropractic practice and the National Health Service’s health visitor nurses in a suburb of Copenhagen, Denmark.

One group of infants received spinal care for 2 weeks, the other was treated with the drug Dimethicone TM for 2 weeks. Changes in daily hours of crying were recorded in a colic diary.

Hours of crying reduced by 1 hour in the Dimethicone group compared with 2.4 hours in the chiropractic group by day 4-7. On days 8 through 11, crying was reduced by 1 hour for the Dimethicone group, compared with 2.7 hours in the chiropractic group.

In the 12 days of the study, the children under chiropractic care had a 67% reduction in crying while the group treated with drugs had a 38% reduction in crying. The mean number of adjustments given during the two-week study was 3.8.

Crohn’s Disease

Long term remission and alleviation of symptoms in allergy and Crohn’s disease patients following spinal adjustment for reduction of vertebral subluxations.
Takeda Y, Arai S, Touichi H, Journal of Vertebral Subluxation Research 4(4) 2002 (November, 2002)

57 Crohn’s disease patients were divided into two groups. The first group of 17 received chiropractic care and the remaining 34 who received no chiropractic care served as a control group. Six patients were excluded from the study.

All patients continued taking whatever medications they had been taking prior to the study.

Of the 17 patients receiving spinal adjustments, 12 showed long-term remission of symptoms and 9 experienced an alleviation effect. From the paper: “We found that vertebral subluxation is a common and characteristic finding in patients with allergies and Crohn’s disease.”

Disc Herniation

Low force chiropractic care of two patients with sciatic neuropathy and lumbar disc herniation.
Richards GL et al. Am J Chiro Med Mar 1990;3(1):25-32

Two patients with sciatic neuropathy and confirmed disc herniation received chiropractic care. A follow-up CAT scan in the first patient revealed complete absence of disc herniation. A follow up scan in the second case revealed the continued presence of a silent disc bulge at the L3-4 level and partial decrease in a herniation at the L4-5 level. The bulge appeared to have shifted away from the nerve root. Both patients’ pain levels decreased from severe to minimal as they regained the ability to stand, sit and walk for longer periods without discomfort and lifting also became easier. They were able to return to full time work capacity at three and nine months respectively.

Dysmenorrhea (PMS)

A chiropractic approach to the treatment of dysmenorrhea.
Liebl NA, Butler LM Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 1990; 13:101-106.

This is the study of a patient suffering from monthly menstrual cramps since the onset of menses which intensified after the birth of her child, 4 years prior, (eight painful days a month). The patient received 19 adjustments over a two month period, approximately twice per week for the first two months and once a week for the last month. Patient was adjusted in the sacroiliac, upper lumbar, mid-thoracic and upper cervical areas. Some cranial adjusting was done in some sessions.

“The average number of recordings showing pain in the baseline phase was 8 per month compared to an average of 2.25 episodes per month in the treatment phase.” Pain was over 1/3 lessened.

Ear Infections

The role of the chiropractic adjustment in the care and treatment of 332 children with otitis media.
Fallon, JM. Journal of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics Oct 1997, 2(2):167-183.

311 of the 332 had a history of prior antibiotic use. 53.7% of the children had their first bout of otitis media between the ages of 6 months and 1 year and a total of 69.9% of the subjects in the study had their first bout of OM under a year of age. This is consistent with the findings of others.

The children were 27-days-old to five-years-old. The average number of adjustments administered by types of otitis media were as follows: acute otitis media (127 children) 4 adjustments; chronic/serous otitis media (104 children) 5 adjustments; for mixed type of bilateral otitis media (10 children) 5.3 adjustments; where no otitis was initially detected (74 children) 5.88 adjustments. The number of days it took to normalize the otoscopic examination was for acute 6.67, chronic/serous 8.57 and mixed 8.3. The number of days it took to normalize the tympanographic examination was acute 8.35, chronic/serous 10.18 and mixed 10.9 days. The overall recurrence rate over a six month period from initial presentation in the office was for acute 11.02%, chronic/serous 16.34%, for mixed 30% and for none present 17.56%.

Failed Back Surgery

Chiropractic treatment of post surgical neck syndrome utilizing mechanical force manually assisted short-lever spinal adjustments.
Polkinghorn,B and Colloca, C. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, November/December 2001 marker Vol 24, No 9.

This is the case of a 35-year-old female suffering from chronic neck pain for over 5 years after two separate surgeries on her cervical spine (a diskectomy at C3/4 and a fusion at C5/6. She had undergone the surgeries to resolve her neck pain. Her surgeon suggested a third surgery but she decided on chiropractic care.

Within 30 days of chiropractic care all her chronic pain and muscle spasm resolved. A follow-up two years later revealed no recurrence of her previous chronic problem.


Insult, interference and infertility: an overview of chiropractic research. Behrendt, M. Journal of Vertebral Subluxation Research May 2, 2003, p. 1-8.

This paper reviews 14 retrospective articles involving 15 women aged 22-65. Eleven had no history of pregnancy, nine had previous treatment for infertility, four were undergoing infertility treatments when starting chiropractic care and a “poor responder undergoing multiple cycles of IVF” (in-vitro fertilization) .

Chiropractic care’s successful outcomes are discussed and the various adjusting techniques used are reviewed.


The effectiveness of chiropractic management of fibromyalgia patients: a pilot study.
Blunt KL, Rajwani MH, and Guerriero RC. J Manipulative Physiological Therapy; 1997: 20(6):389-99.

Twenty-one rheumatology patients aged 25-70 suffering from fibromyalgia (muscular pain characterized by muscular tautness/stiffness, well-defined tender/trigger points, numbness, tingling, and pain) were studied to demonstrate chiropractic’s effect on this condition.

Chiropractic care consisted of 4 weeks of spinal care plus soft tissue and passive stretching at the chiropractors’ discretion. Chiropractic management improved patients’ cervical and lumbar ranges of motion, straight leg raise and reported pain levels.


A randomized controlled trial of chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy for migraine.
Tuchin PJ, Pollard H, Bonello R. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics Feb. 2000:23(2), PP.91-5.

This was a six month study of 127 migraine sufferers half of whom had diversified chiropractic adjustments. The other half was the control group. Subjects in the manipulation group demonstrated statistically significant improvement in migraine frequency, headache duration, disability and medication use. 22% of those undergoing chiropractic care reported more than 90% reduction in migraines after two months. About 50% reported significant improvement in severity of migraine episodes.

The effect of spinal manipulation in the treatment of cervicogenic headache. Nilsson N, Christensen HW, Hartvigsen J. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 1997; 20:326-330.

This is a randomized controlled trial performed at the University of Odense, Denmark by chiropractors and medical doctors.

Of 53 patients suffering from frequent headaches, 28 received high-velocity, low-amplitude cervical manipulation twice a week for three weeks. The remaining 25 received low-level laser in the upper cervical region and deep friction massage in the lower cervical/upper thoracic region, also twice a week for three weeks.

The use of analgesics decreased by 36% in the manipulation group, but was unchanged in the soft-tissue group; this difference was statistically significant. The number of headache hours per day decreased by 69% in the manipulation group compared with 37% in the soft-tissue group; this was significant. Finally, the headache intensity per episode decreased by 36% in the manipulation group, compared with 17% in the soft-tissue group; this was significant.

High Blood Pressure

Preliminary study of blood pressure changes in normotensive subjects undergoing chiropractic care.
McKnight ME, DeBoer KF, Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics,1988; 11:261-266.

Seventy-five people were tested after specific chiropractic cervical adjustments.

Both systolic and diastolic blood pressure decreased significantly in the adjusted group. No significant changes occurred in the control group.

In those with the highest pre-treatment blood pressures, the treatment effect was greatest, indicating that the effectiveness in hypertensives may be even more significant.

Effects of chiropractic treatment on blood pressure and anxiety: a randomized, controlled trial. Yates RG, Lamping DL, Abram NL, Wright C. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 1988; 11(6):484-8.

In this patient-blinded, assessor-blinded, placebo-controlled study, the authors state that the data “lend support to the hypothesis that chiropractic manipulation of the thoracic spine significantly reduces blood pressure in patients with elevated blood pressure.”

Both systolic and diastolic blood pressure decreased significantly in the adjusted group. Adjustments were delivered to segments T-1 to T-5 of the 21 patients in the group adjusted. No significant changes occurred in the placebo or control groups.


The effects of chiropractic on the immune system: a review of the literature.
Allen JM, Chiropractic Journal of Australia, 1993; 23:132-135.

This is a summary of recent research implying a connection between chiropractic adjustments and immunocompetence. The literature suggests that the nervous system plays a role in the modulation of the immune response and that chiropractic adjustments influence T and B lymphocyte numbers, natural killer cell numbers, antibody levels, phagocytic activity and plasma endorphin levels. The few studies attempting to measure the effect of chiropractic or manipulative treatment on the immune response are reviewed.

The anatomical and physiological connections between the immune system and the nervous system suggest that the nervous system plays a role in the modulation of the immune response.

Noradrenergic sympathetic neural interactions with the immune system: structure and function. Felton, D.L., Felton, S.Y., Bellinger, D.L., et al. Immunol Rev 100:225-260, 1987.

This is one of a growing number of papers by researchers in the field of psychoneuroimmunology exploring the relationship between the nervous system and the immune system. Potential mechanisms of action are discussed.

The effects of specific upper cervical adjustments on the CD4 counts of HIV positive patients. Selano JL, Hightower BC, Pfleger B, et al. Chiropractic Research Journal. 1994; 3(1): 32-39.

This was a study to determine if chiropractic care could help individuals diagnosed with HIV. Five patients were adjusted and five were controls. After 6 months, in the control group (not under chiropractic care), the CD4 levels declined by 7.96% while the group receiving chiropractic adjustments experienced a 48% increase in CD4 cell counts. This indicates that correction of upper cervical subluxation could improve immuno-competence.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome and spinal manipulation: a case report.
Wagner T, Owen J, Malone E, Mann K. Chiropractic Technique 1996; 7: 139-140.

Irritable bowel syndrome, also known as mucous colitis and nervous bowel affects 15-25% of adults. Symptoms include cramping and/or abdominal pain, diarrhea or constipation, ulcer-type symptoms, heartburn and/or upper abdominal indigestion.

In this case study of a 25-year-old woman with chronic irritable bowel syndrome her chief complaint was intestinal pain and diarrhea which was worse during stressful periods which occurred one or two times per week for the past five years.

After her first chiropractic adjustment, she reported that she had not experienced any diarrhea for two days. Her symptoms were quickly alleviated during the course of her care. Two years later she remained symptom free.

Knee Pain

Conservative lower back treatment reduces inhibition in knee extensor muscles: a randomized controlled trial.
Suter E, McMorland G, Herzog W, et al. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics Feb 2000:23(2), pp.76-80.

Twenty-eight patients with anterior knee pain (AKP) were randomly assigned to receive chiropractic care or no care (control group). The chiropractic care was designed to correct SI-joint dysfunction. Before and after care, knee-extensor moments, muscle inhibition (MI), and muscle activation during full effort and isometric knee extensions were measured. Patients showed substantial MI in both legs. Functional assessment revealed SI-joint dysfunction in all subjects (23 symptomatic and 5 asymptomatic). After care, a significant decrease in MI of 7.5% was observed in the involved legs of the adjusted group. MI did not change in the contralateral legs of the treatment group or the involved and contralateral legs of the control group. The results of this study suggest that SI-joint manipulation reduces knee-extensor MI. Spinal manipulation may possibly be an effective treatment of MI in the lower limb musculature. (J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2000;23:76-80)


Menopausal symptoms: an osteopathic investigation.
Cleary C and Fox JP. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 1994; 2:181-186.

This was a placebo controlled osteopathic study of 30 patients with menopausal symptoms. There was a significant reduction in menopausal symptoms (depression, hot flashes, back or joint pain, irritability, headaches or fatigue) in the group receiving spinal care. Also found was that testosterone levels were lowered in the group receiving care.

Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

Upper cervical chiropractic management of a multiple sclerosis patient: a case report.
Elster, EL, Journal of Vertebral Subluxation Research June 2001, Vol 4, No.2


This article reviews the upper cervical chiropractic care of a single patient with Multiple Sclerosis (MS).

This 47-year-old female first experienced symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) at age 44, when she noticed cognitive problems and loss of bladder control. After viewing multiple lesions on MRI (MS plaques), her neurologist diagnosed her with MS. Two years later, she noticed additional symptoms of leg weakness and paresthesias in her arms and legs. Her symptoms progressively worsened without remission, so her neurologist categorized her as having chronic progressive MS and recommended drug therapy (Avonex). Upon initial examination of this patient, evidence of an upper cervical subluxation was found using precise upper cervical radiographs and paraspinal digital infrared imaging.

The patient’s medical history included one possible mechanism (a fall approximately ten years prior), which could have caused her upper cervical subluxation. The patient was placed on a specially designed knee-chest table for adjustment, which was delivered by hand to the first cervical vertebra according to radiographic findings. Monitoring of the patient’s progress was through doctor’s observation, patient’s subjective description of symptoms, thermographic scans, neurologist’s evaluation and MRI.

The patient was managed with upper cervical chiropractic care for two years. After four months of upper cervical chiropractic care, all Multiple Sclerosis (MS) symptoms were absent. A follow-up MRI showed no new lesions as well as a reduction in intensity of the original lesions. After a year passed in which the patient remained asymptomatic, another follow-up MRI was performed. Once again, the MRI showed no new lesions and a continued reduction in intensity of the original lesions. Two years after upper cervical chiropractic care began, all MS symptoms remained absent.


The effects of chiropractic treatment on pregnancy and labor: a comprehensive study.
Fallon J. Proceedings of the world chiropractic congress. 1991; 24-31.

The hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy can change the shape of the spinal curves and overall posture which can affect organ systems. In this study Dr. Fallon describes her work with 65 women who received chiropractic care from at least the tenth week of pregnancy through labor and delivery. These women experienced mean labor times significantly reduced compared to controls. Women who were primagravidae (first pregnancy) who received chiropractic care averaged 24% shorter labor times than average for primagravidae women. Women who were multiparous (had had at least one child prior) averaged 39% shorter labor times versus controls.

It is a common observation that birthing seems to be more comfortable for women who were under chiropractic care during pregnancy. The chiropractic drug-less approach is ideally suited for pregnancy care.


Non-operative treatments for sciatica: a pilot study for a randomized clinical trial.
Bronfort G, Evans RL, Anderson AV et al. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics October 2000, Vol. 23 No. 8.

This is a prospective, observer-blinded, pilot randomized clinical trial of 20 patients aged 20-65 with low back-related leg pain. Patients were divided into three groups. One group was given medical care, one group chiropractic care and one group steroid injections. All groups showed substantial improvement at the end of the 12 week study.

Lack of effectiveness of bed rest for sciatica. Patrick CAJ, Vroomen MD, Marc CTFM, et al. The New England Journal of Medicine. 1999;340:418-423.

Many medical doctors prescribe bed rest for sciatica, yet according to the authors: “For low back pain, bed rest has traditionally been considered effective, although there are few objective data to support this view and in recent years evidence of the ineffectiveness of bed rest for low back pain has accumulated…bed rest continues to be widely used to treat sciatica.”

From the conclusion: “Among patients with symptoms and signs of a lumbosacral radicular syndrome, bed rest is not a more effective therapy than watchful waiting.”


Manipulation for the control of back pain and curve progression in patients with skeletally mature idiopathic scoliosis: two cases. Tarola GA. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1994;17:253-257.

This paper reports on two patients suffering from lumbar scoliosis and chronic back pain. The author writes that “no attempt was made to straighten the spine” and, along with adjustments, gentle manual intersegmental mobilization stretching and muscle massage techniques were also applied. In both cases back pain was ameliorated and apparently prevented while curve progression appeared to be retarded.

Scoliosis and Subluxation. Fortinopoulos V. International Chiropractic Pediatric Association. July/August 1999.

Following are three case studies of trauma induced scoliosis. The children below had been in traumas years before their scoliosis was noticed.

John’s Story:

I first met John when he was 11 years old. He had developed a classic Distortion #3 scoliosis. There was a primary left thoracic curvature of 20 degrees, a secondary lumbar curvature of 13 degrees, and a tertiary cervical curvature of 12 degrees. John started under care and for the next 9 months, received specific chiropractic care to correct his vertebral subluxation complex (VSC) and the scoliosis. The result was a dramatic reduction of the three curves and the reduction of his VSC.

Sandy’s Story:

I met Sandy when she was 9 years old. She was referred to my office as the result of a school scoliosis-screening program. X-ray… revealed a Distortion #2 type scoliosis, which included a left lateral thoracic curve of 23 degrees and a right lateral compensatory curve in the cervical spine of 9 degrees. After a six-month care program, Sandy’s thoracic curvature was down to 4 degrees.

Danielle’s Story:

I first met Danielle when she was 10 years old. The results of the exam revealed Vertebral Subluxation Complex (VSC) at levels of C1, C5, T11, T12, L4, and L5. I also found a classic Distortion #3 type scoliosis. There was a left lateral rotatory curve of 6 degrees from T10 to L3, a right lateral curve of 15 degrees from T4 through T10, and a slight compensatory curve in the cervical spine. I made recommendations for mom to bring Danielle in on a 2x per week. Mom followed through by bringing Danielle in for care 1x every 6 weeks.

Danielle entered into puberty just after her 11th birthday. Shortly after that, I noticed that her scoliosis seemed to be worse so I took new X-rays. The new X-rays revealed a slight cervical curve, T4 through T10 was now 26 degrees, and T10 through L3 was now 20 degrees. At that point I started some much more specific scoliosis care. After 6 months, the curves were: slight cervical, T4-T10 18 degrees, and T10-L3 20 degrees.

Sinus Problems

Chiropractic adjustment in the management of visceral conditions: a critical appraisal.
Jamison JR, McEwen AP, Thomas SJ. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 1992; 15:171-180.

This was a survey of chiropractors in Australia. More than 50% of the chiropractors stated that asthma responds to chiropractic adjustments; more than 25% felt that chiropractic adjustments could benefit patients with dysmenorrhea, indigestion, constipation, migraine and sinusitis (sinus problems).

Sleep Problems

Cervical angles in sleep apnea patients: a retrospective study.
Dobson GJ, Blanks RHI, Boone WR, McCoy HG, J Vertebral Subluxation Research 3(1), Mar, 1999. p. 9-23.

This was a study of 138 patients (ages 16-79) who were diagnosed with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) and were evaluated by x-ray of the cervical spine. These patients had recurrent episodes of upper throat obstruction or airway collapse and loud snoring during sleep. This problem causes sleep disturbances and excessive daytime sleepiness, loss of oxygen during sleep and may cause heart and lung complications. There is no known cure. It was found that the “overwhelming majority” of OSAS patients had a reversal of the upper cervical (neck) curve. The more abnormal the cervical curve, the worse their sleep apnea.

Thyroid Problems

Hyperthyroid Condition (Grave’s Disease): A case review.
Firczak, SW. Today’s Chiropractic (citation unavailable date approx. 1989).

This is the case of a 20-year-old female who had been diagnosed as suffering from hyperthyroidism.

Symptoms included nervous irritation, tachycardia, hives, occasional eyelid and upper lip edema and frontal headaches. She had been under medical treatment for six years, which included prophylthiouracilTM. She had stopped medication and the symptoms worsened.

Chiropractic examination revealed nerve irritation at C1, C3, T6, T7, T11 and L5. Restricted movement was found at C2. Adjustments to C2 using the Gonstead cervical chair and the Gonstead technique. L5 was occasionally adjusted.

After 4 months of chiropractic care the patient’s T4 blood levels were within normal range and symptoms completely disappeared.

TMJ (Jaw Joint)

Chiropractic care of a patient with temporomandibular disorder and atlas subluxation.
Alcantara J, Plaugher G, Klemp, DD, Salem C Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics January 2002 marker Volume 25 marker Number 1

This is the case of a 41-year-old woman who sought care for complaints associated with a cervical subluxation (i.e., atlas) and TMD.

Her complaints began with a left ear infection that was medically treated with oral antibiotics. At the time of chiropractic consultation, complaints included pain at the TMJ (bilaterally), “ear pain,” tinnitus, vertigo, altered or decreased hearing acuity, a sensation of pressure or fullness in both ears and headaches, which she characterized as a throbbing or pounding. She also had a 22-year history of migraine headaches, which were partially relieved by previous chiropractic care. She did not take her prescribed medications because of adverse reactions (i.e., gastric upset and vomiting).

She was referred to an eye, ear, nose, and throat specialist who diagnosed her with TMJ syndrome. She was referred to a dentist for a possible malocclusion. The dentist found no occlusal abnormalities. Medical recommendations were to apply local heat, reduce talking and yelling and change to a soft diet. The patient reported that her symptoms steadily worsened with these measures. Chiropractic care consisted of specific adjustments to the atlas subluxation resulting in improvement of the patient’s symptoms. By the third visit, she reported significantly greater improvement on the right than on the left side. By the fifth visit, the patient reported that the right ear was “perfectly fine.” With subsequent visits, she reported continuous improvement, with only the left ear sensation of fullness remaining. She reported complete relief of TMJ symptoms 2 1/2 months (9 visits) from the onset of chiropractic care. In addition, she reported a decrease in the frequency and severity of her headaches. Before chiropractic care, she related a frequency of 1 to 2 migraine attacks per month. At 1-year follow-up she had experienced no headache symptoms for a period of 9 months. Her TMJ complaints had completely resolved.

Torticollis (Wry Neck)

Chiropractic adjustments and congenital torticollis with facial asymmetry: a case study.
Hyman C.A. International Chiropractors Association Review September/October 1996. Pages 41-45.

This is the case of a two-month-old female presented with obstetrical brachial plexus injury (Erb’s palsy) that had been under the care of several medical pediatricians without resolution. The condition showed complete resolution under chiropractic care without any complications or residual impairments.

Congenital muscular torticollis: a review, case study, and proposed protocol for chiropractic management. Colin N. Top Clin Chiro (1998); 5(3):27-33.

A case study of a 7-month-old infant who had been medically diagnosed with the disorder as birth-trauma related. Summary: Six sessions of chiropractic management involving low force adjusting and gentle myofascial release work were administered based on clinical mechanical findings derived form an apparent right hand and right leg dominance in the child. The child had not previously responded to several weeks of physical therapy. Following chiropractic care, the case completely resolved. The response was sustained at one year follow-up.


Cervicogenic vertigo and chiropractic, managing a single case – a case report.
Cagle P, Journal of the American Chiropractic Association May 1995 p.83-84.

Case study of a 71 year-old woman who had “sudden onset of severe disabling vertigo.”

The patient tried standard medical care for almost a year with very little relief. Then, she went for chiropractic care. The cervical adjustments she received resolved the vertigo.

This short paper includes a well-written section on the causes of vertigo, and discusses the theories of cervicogenic vertigo’s causes.


A multiple parameter assessment of whiplash injury patients undergoing subluxation based chiropractic care: a retrospective study.
McCoy HG and McCoy M. Journal of Vertebral Subluxation Research Vol 1, No 3, 1997 Pp. 51-61.

From the Abstract:

A retrospective study was conducted of 57 subjects who had experienced an acceleration/deceleration (whiplash) injury… With subluxation-based chiropractic care, the subject population showed significant increases in cervical flexion and extension, muscle strength, and a decrease in the neck pain disability index. Atlas/axis and Jackson’s angles varied inversely from presentation to MCI (maximum chiropractic improvement)…longer durations of care were correlated with the lower ratios (fewer adjustments/week), while shorter durations of care to reach MCI were correlated to higher ratios (average adjustments/week).


Objective Physiologic Changes and Associated Health Benefits of Chiropractic Adjustments in Asymptomatic Subjects Wellness: Literature Review;
Journal of Vertebral Subluxation Research 2004 (Apr 26): 1-9

The data reviewed support that chiropractic adjustments confer measurable health benefits to people regardless of the presence or absence of symptoms. Improved function can be objectively measured in asymptomatic individuals following chiropractic care in a number of body systems often by relatively non-invasive means. Chiropractic care may be of benefit to every function of the body and have the potential for long-term, overall health benefits to those receiving chiropractic care.

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